Over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen and acetaminophen are the number one cause of pet poisonings. The ASPCA’s Animal Poison Control Center receives approximately 90,000 calls a year from pet owners whose dog or cat has come in contact with medicines intended for humans. The ASPCA reported that over 14 % of all the calls they receive involve pets ingesting their owner’s medications or supplements.
Common over the counter medications that are toxic for dogs include: NSAIDs –Pain reliever/anti-inflammatory- One or two of these medications can cause serious harm including kidney failure, intestinal and stomach ulcers.
Acetaminophen – Pain Reliever-One regular strength tablet may cause liver damage.
Pseudoephedrine- Decongestant-Raises blood pressure, heart rate, and body temperature. Can cause seizures, nervousness, and hyperactivity.
- Dristan Cold
- Tylenol Cold
- Claritin D
- Allegra D
- Zyrtec D
Dozens of medications contain pseudoephedrine so always check labels on cold, flu, decongestants and allergy medication. One clue is if the medication had the letter D behind the name, it may contain pseudoephedrine.
Antidepressants- Listlessness, vomiting, agitation, disorientation, elevated heart rate, change blood pressure and body temperature, cause tremors and seizures.
Diabetes Medications- Causes a dangerous drop in blood sugar levels in dogs, disorientation, lack of coordination, and seizures.
Methylphenidate (ADHD medication)-Causes elevated body temperature, blood pressure and heart rate, and seizures.
Vitamin D used to treat psoriasis, thyroid problems, and osteoporosis -Causes loss of appetite, vomiting, increased urination and excessive thirst due to kidney failure.
Fluorouracil-topical medication used to treat skin cancer-Causes severe vomiting, seizures and cardiac arrest.
Isoniazid-used to prevent tuberculosis-Causes life threatening seizures.
Baclofen-muscle relaxant- Causes disorientation, vocalization, seizures, coma and death.
- Co Baclofen
To prevent accidental poisoning in your dog, keep all medications out of your dog’s reach and never:
- Leave pill bottles where your pet can reach them.
- Store your medication in the same location as your dogs (in case of accidental mix up).
- Store medication in a plastic bag
- Leave pills in your purse or briefcase